The Palace Museum 故宫博物院

Opening Times: April 1st – October 31st 8:30  to 17:00 November 1st – March 31st 8:30 to 16:30

开放时间: 4月1日至10月31日早上8点半至下午5点,10月1日至3月31日早上8点半至下午4点半

Address: 4 Jingshan Front St, Dongcheng Qu, Beijing, China, 100006

地址:中国北京市东城区景山前街4号 邮编 100006

Established in 1925, the Palace Museum is located in the imperial palace of the consecutive Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. The magnificent architectural complex, also known as the Forbidden City, and the vast holdings of paintings, calligraphy, ceramics, and antiquities of the imperial collections make it one of the most prestigious museums in China and the world. In 1961, the State Council designated the former imperial residence as one of China’s foremost-protected cultural heritage sites, and in 1987 it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

故宫博物院,简称故宫或北京故宫,是位于中国北京市故宫内的博物馆。其前身是明清两代皇宫紫禁城。民国元年(1912年)清帝溥仪退位后仍居于宫内。至民国十三年(1924年)十一月五日,黄郛摄政内阁公布修正清室优待条件第五条,废除皇帝尊号,请废帝溥仪出宫。政府代表李煜瀛、京师警卫司令鹿锺麟、警察总监张璧,于六日接管皇宫,封存文物。后经摄政内阁核准,经一年之整理,故宫博物院于民国十四年国庆节(1925年10月10日)正式成立开幕。

 

Situated in the heart of Beijing, the Palace Museum is approached through the Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tian’an men). Immediately to the north of the Palace Museum is Prospect Hill (also called Coal Hill), while on the east and west are the Wangfujing and Zhongnanhai neighbourhoods. Ancient China’s astronomers endowed the location with cosmic significance. They correlated the emperor’s abode, which they considered the pivot of the terrestrial world, with the Pole Star (Ziwei yuan)—believed to be the center of the heavens. Because of its centrality and restricted access, the palace was called the Forbidden City.

它位于北京中轴线的中心,占地面积72万平方米,建筑面积约15万平方米;始建于明成祖朱棣永乐四年(1406年),永乐十八年(1420年)落成;藏品也主要是以明、清两代皇宫及其收藏为基础。

 

The collections of the Palace Museum originate from the Qing imperial collection and include ceramics, paintings, calligraphy, bronzes, timepieces, jades, palace paraphernalia, ancient books, and historical documents.  With rich collections representing the broad spectrum of 5,000 years of Chinese civilisation and the 600 year history of the Forbidden City, the Palace Museum has seen many developments since its founding in 1925 and looks forward to carrying on the legacy of the past for future generations.

 

馆藏大量丰富的陶瓷,绘画,书法,青铜器,钟表,玉石,古籍还有各种历史文件。这些收藏反映了华夏文明的5000年和紫禁城的600年历史。自1925年建立之时起,故宫博物院就肩负起了将过往的辉煌文化遗产传递给下一代的光荣使命。

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